Landmines, firearms, and nuclear weapons have caused countless injuries and deaths to
soldiers and civilians alike. The global community has come together through the efforts of
NGOs and the United Nations to limit the proliferation of these weapons through treaties and
conventions. However, they still run into problems at the implementation phase as states will,
for a variety of reasons, neglect or decline to ratify the treaties.
The major efforts to eliminate landmines are the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use,
Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, also
known as the Ottawa Convention or the Mine Ban Treaty, and the Convention on Prohibitions
or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be
Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Both of these conventions lack universal
ratification, including some permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.
Small arms and light weapons tend to be discussed in the scope of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
and the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade
in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, or PoA. The third review conference of the
Programme of Action takes place in June 2018 and will examine the progress of the Programme
and areas where the international community needs to strengthen or improve their efforts. As
with other conventions, the ATT and the PoA are not universally accepted and the process of
ratification is ongoing.
Nuclear weapons need little introduction, though the new Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty, the
Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, has an increasing significance in today’s
international climate. No nuclear armed nation is currently party to the new treaty, though 53
signed the Treaty just this September.
This video series will present case studies about these weapons from the research of professors
from Colgate University’s Peace and Conflict Studies (PCON) Program, followed by information
on the efforts to ban the weapons from people directly involved in the campaigns to ban them.
Dr. Mundy is an Associate Professor in Colgate’s PCON Program. His research interests are
primarily critical security studies, political economy, and Northern Africa. He has conducted
years of field work in North Africa, including in Libya during the Arab Spring, Algeria, Morocco
and Western Sahara. He teaches a range of Peace and Conflict Studies classes, from
Introduction to PCON to the Honors Seminar. He has written extensively on the condition of the
Sahrawi people and the conflict with Morocco in Western Sahara and has taught at Colgate
Dr. Harpp is a Professor of Geology and Peace and Conflict Studies at Colgate University. Among
her research interests are several forms of geochemistry and she teaches both The Advent of
the Nuclear Bomb and Weapons and War in the Peace and Conflict Studies Program. In 2012,
the Princeton Review named Dr. Harpp as one of the Best 300 Professors in the nation. She
began working at Colgate University in 1999.
Dr. Ballve teaches for the Peace and Conflict Studies Program and the Department of
Geography. His cross-listed courses include Criminal Underworld: Drugs, Guns, and Bodies and
Environmental Security, though he teaches a variety of other courses including War in Lived
Experience. His current research looks at how the environment can be a weapon or a tool of
peace and how violent criminal enterprises shape state-building in Latin America. His work
largely focuses on political ecology and political economy in Latin America. He began work at
Colgate University in 2015.
Baffour Amoa is the President of the International Advisory Council for the International Action Network on Small Arms. He has also been the president of the West Africa Action Network on Small Arms and the Africa Forum on Small Arms. The International Advisory Council guides operational plans for IANSA through resolving differences between members with debate.
Rose Welsch has worked as the United Nations Liaison for the International Action Network on Small Arms since January 2016. She recently spoke at the United Nations General Assembly First Committee on civil society concerns about the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms in preparation for the upcoming Review Conference. Before working with IANSA, Welsch worked as an international coordinator for Peace Boat.
Yeshua Moser has worked on many aspects of weapons disarmament including landmines, small arms, and nuclear weapons. He currently works with Mine Action Canada and Nonviolence International but also co-founded the International Action Network on Small Arms and has been with the International Campaign to Ban Landmines since its founding. Among his many positions, he also serves as a board member for the International Peace Bureau and is associated with the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. Three of the organizations Moser is associated with, Nonviolence International, the IPB, and Mine Action Canada, are also members of the coalition that make up the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots.
Videos Interviews Coming Soon!
Certain Conventional Weapons
Nuclear Weapon Ban
Colgate Peace and Conflict Studies Program
The PCON Program at Colgate University began in 1970 with funding from the Cooley Family
and under the guidance of the late geography professor, Theodore Herman. Originally the
Peace and World Order Studies Program, PCON has grown into one of the most prominent
undergraduate Peace Studies programs in the nation. The program is interdisciplinary, featuring
classes taught by faculty from several other departments and programs and includes courses
cross-listed with History, English, Sociology, Anthropology, Geography, Economics, Middle
Eastern and Islamic Studies, Religion, Political Science, International Relations, Psychology, and
more. The Program is currently directed by Dr. Andrew Rotter.
Project Manager: Luke Musetti
Project date: Fall of 2017